in vitro fertilization - ivf
In vitro fertilization is one of the most used techniques for assisted reproduction. Popularly known as "test tube baby", it has helped countless couples realize the dream of having a child for almost 30 years.
It is important to remember that for a pregnancy to occur naturally, the ovary must release an egg that will join the sperm in the tube, resulting in fertilization. During the process of fertilization in vitro binding occurs in the laboratory after collection and cultivation of the egg and sperm using special techniques.
When successful, fertilization will give rise to the pre-embryos, to be transferred to the uterus after a cultivation period of two to five days.
IVF is used in cases of: tubal problems, endometriosis, unexplained infertility, or a male factor of mild to moderate severity.